A pass-through entity is a business whose owners claim the income on their own income tax returns based on their share of profits or losses.
Pass-through entities include:
- Disregarded entities, such as single-member limited liability companies (SMLLC)
- S corporations
- Limited Liability Companies (LLC) taxed as partnerships or S corporations
Pass-through entities generally do not pay income tax, but may be responsible for withholding tax on behalf of its owners or shareholders. Some owners may elect to have the pass-through entity pay a composite tax on their behalf.